Energy plays a very pivotal role for economic development of a country and most importantly in manufacturing sector. In contemporary era, an instant high in price of petroleum is ultimately creating a gap in the demand and supply of electricity in Pakistan. In this scenario it has become imperative to look for alternative energy resources in order to ensure uninterruptive0078, economic and effective power supply to manufacturing units to enhance productivity.
National Productivity Organization (NPO) considers that in order to achieve maximum efficiency in proper utilization of existing energy with the help of suitable energy saving measures in the SME sector that contributes a major portion towards economic growth.
NPO has taken an initiative in December 2005 and signed the agreement with GTZ to launch energy audits in textile sector under Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency framework to enhance productivity and quality. In this regard, energy audit was conducted in six units under the supervision of German experts. The results of energy audit conducted in six pilot projects (two each at Lahore, Faisalabad and Karachi) of textile sector (spinning & processing) selected with the assistance and cooperation of APTMA, are shown below. A generic report of best practices for energy efficiency in spinning and processing sectors has also been dispersed.
Energy efficiency is foundation stone to ensuring a safe, reliable, affordable and sustainable energy system for the future. It is the one energy resource that every country possesses in abundance and is the quickest and least costly way of addressing energy security, environmental and economic challenges. Sometimes referred to as the ‘first fuel’, energy efficiency offers all of the benefits of a clean, domestic energy source for emerging economies. These benefits include improved energy security, higher productivity and enhanced economic development. Given that energy demand in emerging economies is projected to grow significantly over the next decades, improving energy efficiency in these countries is more important than ever.
The IEA’s World Energy Outlook (WEO) 2013 predicts that the centre of gravity of energy demand will switch decisively to emerging economies such as the People’s Republic of China and India, driving global energy use one-third higher under the New Policies Scenario. This scenario forecasts that emerging economies will account for more than 90% of global net energy demand growth by 2035. Emerging economies capture a growing share of global energy consumption today and in the future. The Energy Efficiency in Emerging Economies (E4) Programme is a four-year programme, established in January 2014, to support the scale-up of energy efficiency activities that generate economy-wide benefits in major emerging economies including People’s Republic of China, Indonesia, India, Mexico, South Africa and Ukraine.
The IEA has worked with regional partners to develop energy efficiency policy recommendations for four regions:
• Southeast Asia (2015)
• Latin America and the Caribbean Region also available in Spanish (2015)
The Arab-Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Region (2014)
As well as the Energy Efficiency Outlook for South Africa – Sizing up the opportunity (2015).
The new study, Capturing the Multiple Benefits of Energy Efficiency, challenges the assumption that the broader benefits of energy efficiency cannot be quantified. It shows how it is possible to move beyond qualitative assessments, providing examples of how existing methodological tools can be applied to measure and even monetise the value of energy efficiency to the economy and society.
Early investigations of these multiple benefits suggest that They are significant, however they are left out of most policy and programme evaluations for various reasons, including lack of relevant data and evaluation methods, estimation challenges and perceived credibility risk. Energy efficiency seeks to expand the perspective of energy efficiency beyond the traditional measures of reduced energy demand and lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by identifying and measuring its impacts across many different spheres. By revealing the potential of energy efficiency to support economic growth, enhance social development, advance environmental sustainability, ensure energy-system security and help build prosperity, this work repositions energy efficiency as a mainstream tool for economic and social development. A multiple-benefits perspective helps to understand the impacts, as well as the sources and causes, of an observed rebound effect and accordingly to manage better any trade-offs that might take place.